Certification and Declaration of Equipment - GBSI - Global Business Service Information
Almost all equipment, including agricultural, industrial and medical, must undergo mandatory conformity assessment and verification of its quality and safety. Therefore, equipment that does not have documentary proof confirming safety and quality compliance may not be manufactured, imported and sold on the Russian market.
There are certain statutory procedures and types of conformity verification that apply to equipment:
- Obtaining mandatory (in GOST R or CU TR systems) or voluntary certification from an accredited certification authority included in the Unified CU Register;
- Issuing a declaration of conformity based on confirmation materials either generated by the applicant or obtained from certification authorities.
Certification procedure (standard routine):
- Filing a request for certification (declaration) and for issuance of a certificate or declaration of conformity of the equipment which provide the name and identification data of the company and the name of the equipment being certified or declared;
- Providing the documents confirming the legality of trading and production activity with details of production sequence, its capacity and raw stock used;
- Performing the equipment examination or testing, with results documented in reports;
- Analyzing the obtained results (conclusions) and deciding on the degree of equipment conformity to the specified regulatory requirements;
- Executing a certificate or preparing a draft declaration for the equipment in question;
- Registering a conformity document, depending on its type, according to the requirements and with assigning it a unique number;
- marking the equipment with a conformity mark.
In some cases, where it is stipulated by the chosen certification scheme, the equipment production will be analyzed and quality management system will be studied additionally.
A set of documents required for certification:
- Legal and incorporation documents – the charter, certificates of incorporation, production space lease agreements or documents confirming ownership of the property;
- Operating documents – information about equipment (datasheets, operating manuals, operation and installation guidelines) including indication of its main purpose, principle of operation, control schemes, technical specifications etc.;
- Extra specification – list of equipment types and models, installation in the place of operation, factory serial numbers;
- Reference documentation – Technical Reference or GOST that were used as the basis for production, or any other local document. For imported goods, the documents should be in the Russian language;
- Documents proving the conformity of spare parts and raw materials.
The above list is approximate and, in some cases, additional documents may be required. It may also be necessary to provide the following documents:
- Copies of contracts
- Invoice copies (VAT invoice)
- International, regional, national standards
- ISO series certificates of conformity.
The certification authority is also entitled, with appropriate justification, to request additional descriptive or technical documents necessary to complete certification procedure, in accordance with the established procedures and guidelines.
The established regulatory framework, which currently exists, ensures that equipment is certified according to the technical regulations of the Customs Union, thus virtually ruling out certification under national standards (in GOST R system and the national technical regulations). Medical equipment is an exception as it requires a marketing authorization (MA).
Technical Regulation of the Customs Union 010/2011 “On Safety of Machinery and Equipment”
This technical regulation applies to machinery and (or) equipment used at hazardous production facilities.
List of objects that must undergo mandatory certification:
- Household woodworking machines.
- Terrain vehicles, snowmobiles and their trailers.
- Garage equipment for motor vehicles and trailers.
- Agricultural machines.
- Small mechanized, i.a. electric tools for horticulture and forestry.
- Machines for livestock and poultry farming and fodder production.
- Mechanized, i.a. electric tools.
- Technological equipment for logging, timber exchange and timber rafting:
- petrol-engine saws;
- electric chain saws.
- Technological equipment for trade, catering and food production units.
- Equipment for mine stripping, cleaning and walling operations:
- cutter-and-loader machines;
- mechanized complexes;
- mechanized supports for mine workings;
- pneumatic tools.
– Equipment for sinking mine workings:
- coal and rock roadheaders;
- metal supports for preparatory mine workings.
– Equipment for shaft hoists and mine transport:
- mine scraper conveyors;
- mine belt conveyors;
- shaft and mine hoists.
- Equipment for drilling blast holes and boreholes, equipment for charging and stemming blast holes:
- pneumatic perforators (drilling hammers);
- pneumatic impact hammers;
- well drilling machines for the mining industry;
- drilling rigs.
- Equipment for ventilation and dust suppression:
- mine fans;
- means of dust collection and dust suppression;
- oxygen compressors.
- Hoisting and transport equipment, load-lifting cranes.
List of objects that require mandatory declaration of conformity:
– Gas-turbine units.
– Blow molding machines.
– Diesel generators.
– Load-lifting devices.
– Electric wire rope and chain hoists.
– Industrial floor-type non-rail transport.
– Chemical, oil and gas refining equipment.
– Equipment for polymeric material processing.
– Pumping equipment (pumps, pumping units and stations).
– Cryogenic, compressor, refrigeration, autogenous, gas purification equipment:
– air fractioning and rare gases units;
– equipment for preparation and purification of gases and liquids, heat- and mass transfer equipment for cryogenic systems and units;
– compressors (air- and gas-driven);
– refrigeration units.
– Equipment for gas-flame treatment of metals and metallization of products.
– Gas cleaning and dedusting equipment.
– Pulp and paper equipment.
– Paper-making equipment.
– Oilfield equipment, drilling and exploration equipment.
– Technological equipment and apparatuses for applying paint and varnish coatings on engineering products.
– Liquid ammonia equipment.
– Drinking water preparation and treatment equipment.
– Metalworking machines.
– Press-forging machines.
– Woodworking equipment (except for household woodworking machines).
– Technological equipment for foundry.
– Welding and gas-thermal spraying equipment.
– Industrial tractors.
– Wheel loaders.
– Bicycles (except for children’s bicycles).
– Machines for earthmoving, land reclamation works, quarry development and maintenance.
– Road machines, building mix preparation equipment.
– Construction machinery and equipment.
– Equipment for building materials industry.
– Technological equipment for logging, timber exchange and timber rafting (except for petrol-engine saws and electric chain saws).
– Technological equipment for peat industry.
– Industrial laundry equipment.
– Equipment for dry cleaning and dyeing of clothing and household products.
– Machines and equipment for public utilities.
– Industrial fans.
– Industrial air conditioners.
– Air heaters and air coolers.
– Technological equipment for light industry.
– Technological equipment for textile industry.
– Technological equipment for the production of chemical fibers, fiberglass and asbestos yarn.
– Technological equipment for food, meat-and-dairy and fish industries.
– Technological equipment for flour-and-cereals, mixed fodder and elevator industries.
– Technological equipment for trade, catering and food production units.
– Printing equipment.
– Technological equipment for glass, porcelain, faience and cable industries.
– Heating boilers operating on liquid and solid fuels.
– Gas and combined burners (except for block burners), liquid fuel burners, built into the equipment intended for use in technological processes at industrial enterprises.
– Water heating apparatuses and heating devices operating on liquid and solid fuel.
– Milling cutters:
– Milling cutters with multifaceted carbide blades;
– Cutoff and slotting cutters made of high-speed steel;
– carbide cutters.
– Lathe chisels with soldered carbide plates
– Lathe chisels with multifaceted carbide plates
– Disk saws with carbide plates for wood machining.
– Fitting-assembling tools with insulating handles for work with electrical units of up to 1000 V.
– Arbor-type milling cutters:
– Wood-cutting arbor-type milling cutters with relieved teeth;
– Wood-cutting arbor-type milling cutters with steel or carbide knives;
- Arbor-type assembled cylindrical milling cutters.
– Tools made of natural and synthetic diamonds:
– diamond grinding wheels;
– diamond slitting wheels.
– Tools made of synthetic superhard materials based on boron nitride (elbor tool):
– grinding wheels.
– Industrial pipeline fittings.
– Abrasive tools, abrasive materials:
- grinding wheels, i.a. for manual machines;
- cutoff wheels;
- polishing wheels;
- flap grinding wheels;
- endless grinding belts;
- fiber grinding discs.
Technical Regulation of the Customs Union 016/2011 «On Safety of Devices Operating on Fuel Gas».
This technical regulation applies to gas-using equipment, which includes:
- Equipment intended for cooking, heating and hot water supply systems, including equipment being part of combined apparatuses.
- Automatic block burners and gas-using equipment with automatic block burners.
- Devices intended to be built into equipment and handled separately from equipment, including control, regulation and safety devices.
List of objects subject to confirmation via mandatory certification:
- Household gas-fired heating devices (heating and combined water loop units, convectors, fireplaces, air heaters, air conditioners with integrated gas-fired air heaters).
- Household gas appliances for cooking and heating food (cooking ranges, cooktops, baking ovens, grills, electric cooking ranges with at least one gas burner).
- Straight-through gas-fired water heaters.
- Capacitive gas-fired water heaters.
- Gas-fired heating boilers (up to 100 kW).
- Gas-fired heating boilers (over 100 kW).
- Thermal gas equipment for public catering enterprises and food production units (stationary cooking boilers, kitchen ranges, cooking and roasting devices, tilting pans, grills, fryers, equipment for heating and boiling liquids, marmites for first and second courses).
- Industrial special purpose gas burners (“light” infrared radiation heaters).
- Closed-type gas radiators (“dark” radiators).
- Industrial gas-fueled air heaters (recuperative and mixing), i.a. air heaters with block blast burners, air conditioners with integrated gas heaters.
- Gas-fueled heat generators for livestock buildings.
- Industrial gas-fueled block burners.
- Industrial combined block burners.
- Gas pressure controllers operating without an external power source.
- Controllers (pressure reducers) for gas cylinders.
- Flexible connectors for gas burners and appliances.
Technical Regulation of the Customs Union 004/2011 “On Safety of Low-Voltage Equipment”.
This technical regulation applies to electrical equipment intended for use at nominal voltages of 50 to 1000 V (inclusive) alternating current and 75 to 1500 V (inclusive) direct current.
The conformity is confirmed through issuing a declaration of conformity or obtaining a certificate of conformity.
List of objects subject to confirmation via mandatory certification:
- Electrical apparatuses and household equipment:
- for food preparation and storage and kitchen work mechanization;
- for processing (washing, ironing, drying, cleaning) underwear, clothing and shoes;
- for indoor cleaning and housekeeping;
- to maintain and control indoor microclimate;
- sanitary and hygienic;
- for hair, nail and skin care;
- for body warming;
- for vibratory massage;
- gaming, sporting and fitness equipment;
- audio- and video-equipment, television and radio receivers;
- sewing and knitting;
- power supplies, chargers, voltage stabilizers;
- for gardening works;
- for aquariums and garden ponds;
- electric pumps;
- lighting equipment and light sources;
- wiring accessories;
- extension cords.
- Personal electronic computing machines (personal computers).
- Low-voltage equipment connected to personal electronic computing machines.
- Electrified tools (hand-held and portable electric machines).
- Electric musical instruments.
- Cables, wires and cords.
- Automatic circuit breakers, residual cut-off devices.
- Electric energy distribution apparatuses.
- Electrical apparatuses for electrotechnical units’ control.
Low-voltage equipment not included in the list above shall require issuing a declaration of conformity.
Main goals of equipment certification
There are several key goals in equipment certification:
- Output of mechanical engineering products to be sold throughout the EAEU. If you are an importer of this equipment, the availability of such a certificate enables an unrestricted import of machine-tools and other equipment. It also provides an opportunity for direct sales of machine-tools and mechanical engineering products of foreign origin. The certificate guarantees that the equipment and mechanical engineering products fully comply with the specified requirements and can be used for the intended purpose. If you are a manufacturer, you can supply products to the countries of the Customs Union.
- Guarantees of quality and conformity to the safety requirements for mechanical engineering products. Certification is executed only on the basis of completed tests of specific equipment if fully complies with the requirements declared by the manufacturer. Also, the document provides a guarantee that the operation of machines will not cause any health or property damage. We should also mention here the environment, which often suffers from leaks of petrochemicals. At the same time, the specifications of equipment are examined and their compliance with the declared requirements.
- Confidence of customers. An “EAC” sticker on the body or packaging of the product serves a proof of compliance with the requirements. The customer will be confident that the product fully complies with its specifications and there are absolutely no risks associated with its operation.